dow669
26-09-21 3 Hits

Indoor Gardening isn’t exactly a new thing, but LED’s are changing the way we light our indoor gardens.  LED lights are more efficient than traditional fluorescent and incandescent lights.  That’s because LED lights convert nearly all of their energy (95%) into light, while other lights turn a significant amount of energy into heat.  But, there’s another very important reason that LED’s are more efficient when it comes to growing plants.  With LED lights, we have the rather unique ability to customize the type of light that is emitted, and that means we’re not wasting energy to create light that doesn’t help our plants grow.  At the end of this article, you’ll understand the science behind why spyder grow light series come in many different colors, as well as why some LED grow lights cost so much more than others. 

    Plants Only Use the Visible Light Spectrum for Photosynthesis


    It’s important to know that plants only use visible light (the colors of light that we see every day) for photosynthesis. However, as the chart below demonstrates, the complete spectrum of light is far greater than just the visible light spectrum.  On the outer edge of the visible light spectrum is Ultraviolet (UV) light and Infrared Radiation (IR).  UV light is the invisible light emitted by the sun and other sources that will cause sunburns when we don’t wear sunblock.  IR light can only be seen with special equipment, like night-vision goggles.  Even further out from the visible light spectrum are light waves that we don’t traditionally think of as light.  These include X rays, Microwaves and even Radio Waves.

    One of the most important things to understand is that scientists have demonstrated over and over again that plants only absorb visible light for photosynthesis.  Plants do react to other forms of light like UV, but that reaction is typically negative.  I’m told that marijuana growers actually use UV light to induce the production of psychoactive chemicals like THC, which seem to be produced in part as a defense mechanism against the damaging effects of UV light to the plant.

    What is PAR?

    PAR stands for “photosynthetically available radiation.”  PAR is made up only of visible light, because this is the only light that plants use for photosynthesis.

    For decades, many indoor growers have used Lumens to measure a grow light’s efficacy, but the industry is getting smarter and turning to PAR.  Lumens are used to measure the brightness of a lamp to the human eye.  But plants and people see light differently.  Humans see yellow and green more brightly than other colors.  Therefore, yellow and green lamps may have higher Lumen values than red and blue lights that put out just as much actual light, and which plants are likely to respond better to.


    PAR measures all light from the visible light spectrum equally, and does not measure light outside of the visible light spectrum, which does not help the plant photosynthesis.  So, for plants, the PAR value of a light is currently the best basic measurement of a grow light’s brightness.  Accurate PAR meters are quite expensive and generally cost $500 or more.  Inaccurate PAR meters can be purchased for much less, but there’s really no point to owning an inaccurate PAR meter. 


    The best way to get PAR values for your 400W LED grow light, assuming you don’t want to purchase your own PAR meter, is to check with your reputable grow light manufacturer or provider for the PAR rating of their lights. 


    How Much PAR do My Plants Need to Grow?

    The amount of PAR your plants require depends on what you are growing, as well as how far away from your plants the light is.  Generally speaking, leafy greens like lettuce only need a PAR value of ~200, whereas tomatoes and other plants that flower and produce fruit require 400-500 or more PAR.  Unless you place your 600W LED grow light right on top of your produce, you will need an even higher PAR rating from your grow light, to take into account the distance between your plant and the light source.


    In the example below, you can see a very powerful grow light that puts out nearly 1,900 PAR (measured in umol) 8 inches from the source.  Very few lights put out this much PAR, and they are typically quite expensive.  This light will emit 1,900 umol every second.  But at 23 inches from the source, the strength of the light is reduced to 890 umol.  The PAR value is reduced further and further as you get further from the light source.  When we get to 6 feet away from the light source, our PAR value is down to ~100umol, which means we would have trouble growing even lettuce well.  So, always make sure you understand not just the PAR emitted from the light, but that every 8 inches or so away from your light, the PAR value will be reduced by ? or more.


    There are many inexpensive grow lights on the market that make big claims, but they will ultimately leave their owners disappointed.  This issue is especially rampant on the internet.  Remember to check the PAR value of any light you purchase.  Also, remember to take into account how far your light will be from your plant to ensure there is enough photosynthetically available radiation (PAR) for your plant to flourish.

    Leafy Greens require 200 PAR for proper growth


    Tomatoes, cucumbers and other flowering/fruiting vegetables require 400-500 PAR


    Fruiting Trees should be given 600 PAR or more


    What is the Temperature of Light I Should Use?


    Interestingly, ‘Kelvin temperature’ is the metric used to describe the visual color that a light emits.  As you can see in the chart below, ‘warmer’ light temperatures that have a red color have a lower Kelvin rating.  On the other end of the spectrum are ‘cooler’ temperature lights which have a blue color and higher Kelvin rating.


    Different temperatures of light have different impacts on plants.  Generally, higher temperatures (blue) light encourages photosynthesis which leads to bushy plants that don’t feel inclined to elongate and reach for more light.  This is great if you want to grow in a compact space.  Lower temperature (red) light reduces photosynthesis and signals to plants that that it’s time to flower and produce fruit.  Plants put under a red light will also be more inclined to stretch and grow taller, as opposed to growing bushier and more compact.


    IGWorks focusses on providing full spectrum lights with a natural color temperature of between 4500K-6500K as these are most pleasing to the eye.  They also allow plants to grow bushy and compact, without hindering the ability of plants to flower and fruit. 


    What Color of Light Should I Use?

    LED lights can come in almost any color.  Plants respond most to red and blue light.  Interestingly, plants generally respond less well to green light.  In fact, the reason that plants appear to be green is that they tend to reflect green light, while they absorb other parts of the light spectrum more readily.  This is why a large scale or industrial grower of plants will often use a combination of red and blue lights to photosynthesize their plants.  They don’t want to waste electricity producing green and even yellow light, which plants use less effectively. 

    However, for those of us growing produce in our living spaces, it’s probably worth the extra pennies it costs to produce a nice full-spectrum color that will be more natural and pleasing to the eyes.  Full-spectrum grow lights will often come with a chart, which shows the distribution of blue, green, yellow and red light that is emitted.  See the example below


    Choosing the right grow light spectrum for your commercial operation can be a challenge. Many 800W LED grow light suppliers have conflicting information on the topic due to bad marketing or simply a lack of knowledge in plant and light research.


    In this article, our light spectrum experts break down what light spectrum is, how plants respond to light, and how light spectrum influences plant growth.


    What is Grow Light Spectrum?


    Light spectrum is the range of wavelengths produced by a light source. When discussing light spectrum, the term ‘light’ refers to the visible wavelengths of the electromagnetic spectrum that humans can see from 380–740 nanometers (nm). Ultraviolet (100–400 nm), far-red (700–850 nm), and infra-red (700–106 nm) wavelengths are referred to as radiation.


    As growers, we’re most interested in the wavelengths that are relevant to plants.  Plants detect wavelengths that include ultraviolet radiation (260–380 nm) and the visible portion of the spectrum (380–740 nm) which includes PAR (400–700 nm), and far-red radiation (700–850 nm).


    When considering light spectrum for horticultural applications, greenhouse and indoor environments will differ.  With indoor environments your grow light’s spectrum will account for the total light spectrum that your crop receives.  Whereas in a greenhouse you must consider that your plants are receiving a combination of folding grow light series and solar spectrum.


    Either way, the amount of each waveband that your crop receives will have significant effects on growth.  Let’s learn more about how this works.


    Plants use light for photosynthesis and photomorphogenesis. Photosynthesis is the process by which plants and other organisms convert light energy into chemical energy. Photomorphogenesis refers to how plants modify their growth in response to light spectrum.


    One example of photomorphogenesis is a plant bending toward a light source. Light also affects plants’ developmental stages, such as germination and flowering.


    The light that plants predominately use for photosynthesis ranges from 400–700 nm. This range is referred to as Photosynthetically Active Radiation (PAR) and includes red, blue and green wavebands.

    Photomorphogenesis occurs in a wider range from approximately 260–780 nm and includes UV and far-red radiation.


    Although results are dependent on other factors, there are general rules of thumb that you can follow when using light spectrum to elicit different plant responses.


    Outlined below is an overview of how each waveband is used for horticultural purposes so that you can trial light spectrum strategies in your own growth environment and with your chosen crop varieties.

    Blue light has distinct effects on plant growth and flowering. In general, blue light can increase overall plant quality in many leafy green and ornamental crops.


    A minimal amount of blue light is required to sustain normal plant development.  In terms of adjustable spectrum lighting strategies, if we were to equate red light to the engine of your car, then blue light would be the steering wheel.

    When combined with other light spectrum wavebands, blue light promotes plant compactness, root development, and the production of secondary metabolites.   Blue light can be utilized  as a growth regulator, which can reduce your need for chemical plant growth regulators (PGRs). Blue light can also increase chlorophyll accumulation and stomatal opening (facilitating gas exchange), which can improve overall plant health.


    One example of blue light influencing secondary plant metabolite production is how blue wavebands promote anthocyanin development in leaves and flowers. Increased anthocyanin levels result in more pronounced color.

    Blue light also promotes other secondary metabolic compounds associated with improved flavor, aroma and taste. For example, blue light treatments have been shown to improve terpene retention in some varieties of cannabis.


    Higher intensities of blue light (>30 μmol·m-2·s-1) can inhibit or promote flowering in daylength-sensitive crops. Blue light does not regulate flowering at low light intensities (

>http://www.crgrowlight.com/folding-grow-light-series/

  Send Message

Related ads

Tracing the evolution of bending knowledge, bending machines, bender tooling

If you were to read a collection of tube bending articles written at various times over the last three decades, you might be surprised by how much bending technology has changed, especially within the last 20 years. Benders have advanced, new features…

INSTANT Spell pay after results FOR Lock”lost ҉lover spell caster +27734818506*** Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California

INSTANT Spell pay after results FOR Lock”lost ҉lover spell caster +27734818506*** Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware District of Columbia Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana…

Antioxidants Explained in Simple Terms

What are antioxidants?     Antioxidants are molecules that fight free radicals in the body. Free radicals are compounds that can cause harm if they are too high in your body. They are related to a variety of diseases, including diabetes, heart disease…

Creating a safe sleep bedding environment for your baby

    Good sleeping habits are important for your baby's physical and emotional well-being. An important part of establishing good sleeping habits is the sleep environment – where your child sleeps, the kind of crib or baby bed, the type of…

09910636797 FULL NUDE CAM PHONE SEX AVAILABLE WHATAPP ANY TIME SERVICE

09910636797 HI SIR I’M SEX CHAT GIRL LAKSHMI ONLY PHONE CAM LIVE VIDEO SEX FULL OPEN BODY NUDE WITH FACE FINGERING FULL SETISFECTION FULL ENJOYING AVAILABLE ANY 24HOURS CALL ON WHAT’S APP DETAILS 1HOUR VIDEO CALL 3000 1HOUR VIDEO SEX 2000 1HOUR…

+27784736826 DR SHANY ABORTION N PILLS FOR SALE IN THABA TSEKA,SOSHANGUVE,PRETORIA

+27784736826 CALL/WATSAPP DR SHANNY FOR QUICK, SAFE, EASY, AFFORDABLE AND RELIABLE ABORTION SERVICES. About Us.Make Appointment Call /watsapp +27784736826.Visit us on http://www.shannyjulie32.wixsite.com/shannyclinic-website Dr shanny Abortion Clinic in…

IN Krugersdorp௹] (꧁꧂) Safe Abortion pills + 27614904430 (꧁꧂) Abortion Pills For sale in Krugersdorp

IN ROODEPOORT௵+27614904430__௵Abortion Pills For sale Roodepoort ௵IN DOBSONVILL--//+27614904430__௵Abortion Pills For sale IN DOBSONVILLE ௵IN KAGISO@--__௵Abortion Pills For sale IN KAGISO ௵IN KRUGERSDORP’’’@---__௵Abortion Pills For sale IN KRUGERSDORP ௵IN…

CALL GIRLS IN MAJNU-KA-TILLA {9654467111} SHOT 1500 NIGHT 5500

Women Seeking Men Are You Looking Delhi Miss Sweeta +91 9654467111 VIP Personal Satisfaction Girls Friends Hot Experiences With Sex Beautiful College Girls And 35 Size Big Boons House Wife In South Delhi Indian College Nepali Bengali Chinese Hot Girls…

AGRIS-GRIS VOODOO UNSTOPPABLE FORCE LOVE SPELLS PAY AFTER RESULTS IN UK-CANADA-UAE-USA+27630700319

REAL LOVE SPELLS THAT WORK FAST +27630700319, UN DONE WORK OR SPELLS , LOST LOVE SPELL CASTING ,HERBAL TREATMENT, VOODOO LOVE SPELLS, THE FORGIVE SPELLS ,BREAK UP SPELLS,PROTECTION SPELLS,GOOD LUCK SPELLS, WICCA LOVE SPELLS,TRADITIONAL HEALING ,THE LAST…

DR GUGU +27639913801 SAFE ABORTION PILLS IN EDENDELE. PIETERMARITZBURG. HOWICK. PINE TOWN. RICHMOND

Women`s Clinic is an expert in Abortion, Sexual problems, a nd reproductive health .It is therefore among the leadingWomen's Abortion Clinic in South Africa with an experience of over 10 years Specializing in Medical Abortions which is a safe and…

Polytetrafluoroethylene

    Polytetrafluoroethylene     Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE), a strong, tough, waxy, nonflammable synthetic resin produced by the polymerization of tetrafluoroethylene. Known by such trademarks as Teflon, Fluon, Hostaflon, and Polyflon, PTFE is…

What exercise is good for foot pain?

All of our bones are connected to each other, and not just our bones, all of our systems. That's why when something hurts, some other things hurt too. Have you ever noticed that a sore foot really hurts your leg too? It's because everything is connected.…

Kala Jadu /Black Magic In Lahore,Karachi,Rawalpindi,Hyderabad,Islamabad,UK Amil Baba

Love marriage specialist in UK usa America-Love marriage expert

Goa Escorts Services | Party Call Girls in Goa 24/7 Available

We are committed to providing trustworthy goa escort services that make you feel extraordinary. Beautiful call girls in goa are eager to share their jovial moments and show off their quality escorts moves. A right partner is a great strategy to have an…

DR BONGIWE /// 0603810543 /// SAFE ABORTION CLINIC IN SOWETO, JOHANNESBURG, ALBERTON, SANDTON

Women`s Clinic is an expert in Abortion, Sexual problems, a nd reproductive health .It is therefore among the leadingWomen's Abortion Clinic in South Africa with an experience of over 10 years Specializing in Medical Abortions which is a safe and…

Is it okay to drink coffee first thing in the morning?

If you are one of those who does not have time to run to the kitchen and start the coffee maker as soon as you get up to enjoy a hot and steaming coffee, we have bad news to give you and explain why it is not good to drink coffee when we wake up. The bad…

I grew Cognigence Focus into something even bigger

Is Cognigence Focus really over? At times we're faced with deception. Can you think anything any more terrible? I don't watch television anymore. I call the shots. What if you could finally do that? Newbies have long been notable for their fantastic It…

What Is Microfiber Leather

Microfiber leather is an abbreviation of ultrafine fiber PU synthetic leather. It is a non-woven fabric made of three-dimensional structure network by carding acupuncture with microfiber staple fiber. After wet processing, PU resin impregnation, alkali…

Do brussel sprouts regrow after harvest?

The germinated broccoli or broccoli sprouts, is packed with nutrients and have many health benefits. Broccoli sprouts contain cancer-fighting phytochemicals (plant nutrients) such as sulforaphane and isothiocyanates. Broccoli seed sprouts also contain…

Sex Toys In Chennai | Call +91 9716210764 | Mysextoy

Sex Toys In Chennai  -  Searching for skin-friendly unique sex toys? Well, then visit our online sex toys store in Chennai to grab the right kind of sex toys from our online sex toys store. Both men and women can get any kind of sex toys easily from the…

India's no-1 Indian Gigolo Club in Mumbai PlayBoy Services need boys Call us 9958552411

After all, people want to generate money as soon as possible. There's just one thing left for you to do: work in a playboy job in Mumbai. Maintaining your calm and putting up your best effort for your client will pay you in the long run. If you want to…

DR GUGU +27639913801 SAFE ABORTION PILLS IN EDENDELE. PIETERMARITZBURG. HOWICK. PINE TOWN. RICHMOND

Women`s Clinic is an expert in Abortion, Sexual problems, a nd reproductive health .It is therefore among the leadingWomen's Abortion Clinic in South Africa with an experience of over 10 years Specializing in Medical Abortions which is a safe and…

American airlines military discount

The best way to redeem your American Airlines military discount is to contact the onlineairlinesbooking directly at +1-802-231-1806. Once you get connected to a customer service rep with American Airlines explain what flight you are looking to book.

Are Hoverboards Dangerous?

When hoverboards hit the scene in 2015, they were an immediate success. Also known as self-balancing or two-wheeled boards, these toys can be a fun way to get around. However, many parents began to wonder — just how dangerous are hoverboards?    …

09910636797 FULL NUDE CAM PHONE SEX AVAILABLE WHATAPP ANY TIME SERVICE

09910636797 HI SIR I’M SEX CHAT GIRL LAKSHMI ONLY PHONE CAM LIVE VIDEO SEX FULL OPEN BODY NUDE WITH FACE FINGERING FULL SETISFECTION FULL ENJOYING AVAILABLE ANY 24HOURS CALL ON WHAT’S APP DETAILS 1HOUR VIDEO CALL 3000 1HOUR VIDEO SEX 2000 1HOUR…

DR BONGIWE 0603810543 SAFE ABORTION CLINIC IN NKOMAZI, HECTORSPRUIT, TONGA, DELMAS

Women's clinic 0603810543 Abortion clinic in Benoni, Abortion clinic in Daveyton 0603810543 Abortion clinic in Boksburg,Abortion clinic in Brakpan we do help you with abortion services our clients in Benoni is one of the best clinic in East Rand we do use…

DR GUGU +27639913801 SAFE ABORTION PILLS IN WARDEN. VIRGINIA. VREDE. TWEELING

Women`s Clinic is an expert in Abortion, Sexual problems, a nd reproductive health .It is therefore among the leading( Women's Abortion Clinic in South Africa with an experience of over 10 years Specializing in Medical Abortions which is a safe and…

DR GUGU +27639913801 SAFE ABORTION PILLS IN MATATIELE. MANDENI. GREYTOWN. DUNDEE. MARGATE

Women`s Clinic is an expert in Abortion, Sexual problems, a nd reproductive health .It is therefore among the leadingWomen's Abortion Clinic in South Africa with an experience of over 10 years Specializing in Medical Abortions which is a safe and…

Call Girls In Noida 8800861635 Escorts ServiCe In Delhi Ncr

Call Girls In Noida 8800861635 Door Step Delivery Top Quality Full Educated and Full Cooperative Independent Girls Escort ServiCes In All Over Delhi, Gurgaon, Faridabad, Noida, Ghaziabad I Have Extremely Beautiful Broad Minded Cute Sexy & Hot Call Girls…

Marriage Problem Solution In USA?+27730886631 ?Specialist

My Name is Monica Brown I would like to tell the world about a very special man, he is spell caster DR Iwisa I found out about DR Iwisa through the testimonials of others that the Dr helped with on various issues. I had contacted DR Iwisa for help in…

Turkish Airlines Manage Booking

If you find the online flight booking process inconvenient, contact  turkish airlines manage booking and get in contact with the expert to get immediate assistance on your flight booking process. He will ask you about your details such as name, contact…

Advantageous characteristics of PVP

 PVP-Polyvinylpyrrolidone is a nonionic water-soluble polymer and can be applied in a variety of fields-of-use owing to following advantageous characteristics.     1. Good solubility in water as well as various organic solvents     2. Good affinity…

DR BEN SAFE ABORTION CLINIC +27718330302 IN Merrivale Mooi River New Hanover Pietermaritzburg

Women`s Clinic is an expert in Abortion, Sexual problems, a nd reproductive health .It is therefore among the leadingWomen's Abortion Clinic in South Africa with an experience of over 10 years Specializing in Medical Abortions which is a safe and…

Hexes, Horoscope, Husband Wife Love, Husband Wife Problem Solution Husband Wife Relation Problem Solution, Husband Wife Relationship

Syed Bahadar Ali Shah +923009729485 Manpasand Shadi, Manpasand shadi UK, Manpasand shadi ka taweez, Manpasand shadi ka wazifa, Manpasand shadi ki dua, Man Pasand shadi UK, Free Online istikhara, Inami possibility, Kala jadu ka taweez, Kala jadu ka toor,…

Call Girls In Noida 9711881791 Female Escorts In Delhi

Call Girls In Hotel Exotica,Noida 9711881791 Door Step Top Quality Model Escorts ServiCes In MUKHERJEE NAGAR JASOLA SAKET MUNIRKA SOUTH EXTENSION NEHRU PLACE MALVIYA NAGAR AND ALL OVER DELHI GURGAON NOIDA GHAZIABAD, CALL/WHATSHAPP +91-9711881791 Bookings…

Love problem solution by astrologer +91-8302018018

->> Hi i am astrologer any problem solution.... website…>> https://lovebreakupproblemsolution.in :-love problem solution :-husband wife dispute problem solution :-girl love problem solution :-breakup love problem solution :-family problem solution…

09910636797 Whatsapp Phone sex service 24 hours available

09910636797 HI SIR I’M SEX CHAT GIRL LAKSHMI ONLY PHONE CAM LIVE VIDEO SEX FULL OPEN BODY NUDE WITH FACE FINGERING FULL SETISFECTION FULL ENJOYING AVAILABLE ANY 24HOURS CALL ON WHAT’S APP DETAILS 1HOUR VIDEO CALL 3000 1HOUR VIDEO SEX 2000 1HOUR…

Extrusion and Thermoplastics

 In a thermoplastic extrusion, the material is first softened by heating so that it can be shaped. This process is performed by the extruder, or extrusion machine. This heat softening is referred to by different names, such as ‘thermal softening’,…

Jaipur Escort

https://www.callgirlsjaipurescorts.com https://www.callgirlsjaipurescorts.com/call-girls-agar-malwa-escorts https://www.callgirlsjaipurescorts.com/call-girls-agra-escorts https://www.callgirlsjaipurescorts.com/call-girls-ahmedabad-escorts…

Ex lover back permanently Same day +27748333182 ௵ lost lover spells in Olathe Osawatomie Ottawa Overland Park

AN EX- LOVER, MAGIC SPELLS CASTER , A LOST LOVE SPELLS CASTER TO BRING BACK LOST LOVER, +27748333182 EX- LOVER, EX-GIRLFRIEND, GIRLFRIEND, EX-BOYFRIEND, BOYFRIEND, EX-WIFE, WIFE, EX-HUSBAND, RETURN REUNITE EX LOVER LOST LOVER.Are you looking for a good,…

What is the fastest way to get rid of pharyngitis?

Some people live with a sore throat and clearing the throat throughout their lives. Their ailments appear and disappear in periods of weeks, sometimes they become persistent, but they consider these symptoms of little importance and hope that they will…

DR GUGU +27639913801 SAFE ABORTION PILLS IN TAUNG. WERKSDROP. TOSCA

Women`s Clinic is an expert in Abortion, Sexual problems, a nd reproductive health .It is therefore among the leading( Women's Abortion Clinic in South Africa with an experience of over 10 years Specializing in Medical Abortions which is a safe and…

09910636797 Phone cam sex. Live cam sex phone sex video sex/ sex chat

09910636797 HI SIR I’M SEX CHAT GIRL LAKSHMI ONLY PHONE CAM LIVE VIDEO SEX FULL OPEN BODY NUDE WITH FACE FINGERING FULL SETISFECTION FULL ENJOYING AVAILABLE ANY 24HOURS CALL ON WHAT’S APP DETAILS 1HOUR VIDEO CALL 3000 1HOUR VIDEO SEX 2000 1HOUR…

Qatar Airways Booking

Suppose you have booked a flight ticket through Qatar Airways Booking and later want to change or upgrade your flight ticket. Dial the same number or use the manage my booking option on the airline’s site while changing a flight ticket online. If you make…

DR THANDEKA SAFE ABORTION CLINIC 0639521421 DURBAN, PHOENIX, MATATIELE, MANDENI

Women`s Clinic is an expert in Abortion, Sexual problems, a nd reproductive health .It is therefore one of the leading (Women's Abortion Clinic in South Africa with an experience of over 10 years. gold combination of services and service. Our Abortion…

+27730886631 San Francisco Bring back Lost love spell caster in New Jersey ,Philadelphia ,Pennsylvania ,San Diego

HOW I GOT MY HUSBAND BACK WITH THE HELP OF Dr Iwisa CONTACT ON WHATS_APP NUMBER +27730886631 This is my testimony about the good work of Dr Iwisa who help me.... I'm Ann lisa from north Carolina USA. And am sorry for putting this on internet but i will…

+27784736826 Dr Shany Abortion N Pills For Sale In Leslie,harding,meadowlands,ESKHAWINI

+27784736826 CALL/WATSAPP DR SHANNY FOR QUICK, SAFE, EASY, AFFORDABLE AND RELIABLE ABORTION SERVICES. About Us.Make Appointment Call /watsapp +27784736826.Visit us on http://www.doctorshanny.com Dr shanny Abortion Clinic in is a private  clinic offering…

Ten Important Life Lessons Blood Sugar Taught Us

You might need to get help with your GlucoFort Blood Sugar. GlucoFort Blood Sugar is also essential yet it is a dazzling collection. Just who benefits? Lest anyone should be dazzled by GlucoFort Blood Sugar, we should also consider GlucoFort Blood Sugar.…

{{888}} Dr Marcus {{&}}Elite ssd chemical solution price AND Activation Powder +27613119008 in Okehampton Finland,Netherlands

{{888}} Dr Marcus {{&}}Elite ssd chemical solution price AND Activation Powder ({JWH-073, JWH-200)} +27613119008 in Okehampton  Finland,Netherlands,Scotland,Ireland, and  Brazilian  Australia Hong Kong Sweden Singapore Indonesia Canada Germany UAE Dubai…

online problem solution by astrologer

->> Hi i am astrologer any problem solution.... website…>> https://lovebreakupproblemsolution.in :-love problem solution :-husband wife dispute problem solution :-girl love problem solution :-breakup love problem solution :-family problem solution…

Report this ad